Participatory evaluations of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) varieties in Wollo, EthiopiaOriginal Research Article
Awol Mohammed1, Seyoum Asefie2, Wondesen Dagnachew2 and Niguse Seyum2
1,2Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, P. O.Box 74, Woldia, Ethiopia
Received: September 13, 2016 Accepted: October 27, 2016 Published: October 30, 2016
The experiment conducted in Wollo at Geregera, Legambo and Legehida on station and farmers field. The objective of this trial was to recommend the best performing field pea released variety in terms of high yielder and farmers’ preference. The design was Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications by using six nationally and regionally released varieties and farmers’ variety. Each experimental plot had six rows of four meter length. The harvestable plot size was 4m x 1.6m(6.4m²) with four rows and one meter distance was maintained between replications at all locations. The spacing between plots, rows and plant was 1m, 40cm and 10cm, respectively. The trial executed as Mother (all the three replications are on one site) and Baby (only one replication on one site) trial form. Farmers evaluated and selected the varieties depending on their criteria’s from the baby trial. The criteria’s were frost tolerance, pod setting and marketability. The analysis of variance showed significant difference (P<0.05) for number of pods per plant, hundred seed weight in gm., seed yield and biomass in kg per hectare. But number of seeds per pod has no statistically significant difference among the varieties. Variety Burkitu was the best in yield with seed 2564kg/ha followed by Agrit, (2535kg/ha), Gume (2054 kg/ha), Local (1805kg/ha), Latu (1725kg/ha) and Bilalo (1605kg/ha). The yield advantage of Burkitu, Agrit, Bilalo, Gume and Latu was 42%, 40%, -11%, -3% and 14% respectively. Variety Burkitu and Agrit were accepted by farmers. According to the results Burkitu and Agrit gave the best performance at the three locations. And both the varieties were also selected by participant farmers. Therefore, these two varieties should be scale up for the next cropping season at the tested area and similar agro ecology.
Key words: baby and mother trial, criteria, participant farmers, released verities and yield advantage